Passive Infrared (PIR) sensors are the watchmen of your home. They sit high-up in the room corners and scan for any human movement. Below we explain exactly how they do this!
What are PIRs?
Passive Infrared motion sensors detect body heat or infrared energy.
The sensor views the room as a grid. If it senses a block of temperature moving across the grid, it will interpret this as a person (who may be an intruder!)
One of the most famous examples of infrared heat detection was in the movie The Predator. Arnold Schwarzenegger covers himself in mud to conceal his body heat. It makes for a great movie scene, but it wouldn’t work in real life. Within 30 seconds the mud would be warmed by Dutch’s body heat and he’d be spotted!
How is a sensor pet-friendly?
Some sensors can disregard pets of a certain weight – any mass of infrared movement below a size and depth will be ignored. In Boundary’s case, you can adjust sensitivity to ignore any pet weighing less than 35kg.
How do false alarms occur?
Common causes of false burglar alarms include pets moving, drafts of heat, shifts in sunlight, insects crawling inside and low batteries. The best way to avoid any of these is to buy a premium alarm and choose professional alarm installation.
To be a Graded alarm, the PIR sensor will be built with certain technical specs. For example, a Boundary PIR sensors has a sealed lens, which stops bugs getting into the plastic casing. You’d think this would be relatively rare, but according to Which? insects account for around 30% of false alarms in the UK. The alarm must also be professionally installed to be graded.
Where to place your sensor
The best place to fit a PIR is in the corner of a room. This ensures maximum coverage of the space as the device maps out its grid.
Choke-points are the areas in your home with the most traffic. These could be entry doors or hallways.
It’s easy to fall into the trap of keeping your security airtight downstairs whilst neglecting the upper floors. Intruders may enter through an upstairs window and so having PIRs installed on your second floor will protect against all eventualities. They also don’t intrude on your privacy, so you can install them in bedrooms.
- Visible from windows
Another important thing to consider when choosing a PIR location is whether they are visible from windows. Detecting an intruder is important but deterring them in the first place is better.
Where not to place your sensor
- Above a heat source
As PIRs work by detecting body heat, a rise in temperature caused by radiators or boilers can confuse the system and affect accuracy.
- The conservatory
When the sun shines the raised temperature in a conservatory will have a similar effect to a warm radiator, possibly triggering the sensor unnecessarily. Instead, place your PIR at the choke-point between the conservatory and its adjoining room.
- The bathroom
The great thing about PIRs is they watch over your home without risking your privacy. That doesn’t mean you should install one in your bathroom though.
The steam from showers and baths could reduce your sensor’s sensitivity. PIRs should be installed where they will stay dry and won’t be subject to rapid changes in temperature.
Motion sensors are the preserve of motion pictures no more. You’re probably already used to them opening automatic doors at the supermarket or even turning the tap on in a high-end restaurant bathroom. When used correctly, home security can also be enhanced by this technology.